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The Most Important Waterways in the World

The Suez Canal has been one of the most important waterways in the world since its opening in the colorful and ceremonial 150 years ago. But the anniversary is carefully marked only in Egypt. The artificial canal was unearthed as an ambitious project to connect the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea between 1859 and 1869, and shortened the delivery time for increased international trade from Europe to Asia.

French diplomat Ferdinand

Suez Canal "is not a privilege of one country," French diplomat Ferdinand de Reps admitted to mastering the project, which originated in Pharaoh's dream of dredging a similar channel 4,000 years ago. In his 1864 speech, he said, "It is due to and belongs to the aspirations of mankind. According to official figures, one million Egyptians, who use camels and mules as beasts, built for ten years.

Experts say tens of thousands died in the process. The first ship sailed a 164 km canal on November 17, 1869, and hopes that a fair wind will allow a faster route to Africa and avoid long and dangerous detours through the end of South Africa. But the history of waterways has followed the turbulence and flow of the unstable Middle East.

Egypt's iconic successor, Gamal Abdel Nasser, a firm defender of the Arab Union, ignoring the interests of Britain and France, nationalizing the Suez Canal Company. The decision to rise in popularity of Nasser at home caused an international crisis. At that point, France, the United Kingdom, and Israel, who ruled the company, attacked Egypt about three months later. Canals were also used as front lines during the Arab-Israeli wars of 1967 and 1973.

Today, an important year is managed by the Suez Canal Authority and expanded in 2015 to accommodate modern large vessels. It grows into a major economic asset, passing 10% of all international maritime trade.

But volatility in the region is never far. The canals along the southern outskirts of Sinai are largely secured by Egyptian troops, which today are battling long-term revolts against Islamic militants in northern Sinai.

Primary tools

Today's aqueducts, which use the "primary tools" to sell in the 19th century, became the "lifeline of Egypt", said Osama Ravi. In 2015, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi held a new lane opening ceremony of 72 km parallel to the canal after 12 months of excavation. Authorities have since boasted a new cargo and transport record that the new lanes facilitated the crossing of larger shipping lines and shortened transit times.

In August, 81 “record numbers” carrying a total of 6.1 million tons of cargo passed through the canal throughout the day, authorities said. According to Jean-Marie Miossec, transportation expert and professor at Paul Valery-Montpellier, “The tonnage has decreased.

He believes that growth is related to "increasing container shipments between Asia and Europe and between Europe and the Indian subcontinent. By expanding the canal, Egyptian authorities offer increased potential, especially with regard to ship size and transit time," he said.

Authorities said

In August that revenue for fiscal year 2018-2019 reached $ 5.9 billion, an increase of 5.4% over the previous year. Egypt plans to generate $ 12.3 billion in revenue in 2023. Gorgeous feasts and banquets attended by French emperor Eugeney, the wife of Napoleon III, were held at the inauguration in 1869. But in contrast, there is no event celebrating the 150th anniversary of the canal.

Arnaud Ramiere de Fortanier of the Association to honor Ferdinand de Lesseps and Suez Canal believes the anniversary is "beat tricky". The problem was wrong in 1956," he insisted on former shareholders that the entire Suez crisis was mishandled in all respects and "disaster.

Rather than emphasizing the canal's pre-1956 history, Egyptian authorities want to emphasize the canal's current achievements and its contribution to the country's battered economy. French Ambassador Stephane Romatet noted that after nationalization in 1956 he began to benefit from the canal.

In Egypt and France, stamps with images similar to Lesseps were printed to mark the anniversary. On November 13th, a meeting will be held in Egypt's famous Bibliotheca Alexandrina, entitled "Suez Canal: A Place of Memories.

Egypt also dedicated a museum currently under construction on the canals of the Ismailia city in the historic building of the Suez Canal Company. However, no opening dates have yet been set.

Top US defense officials denied on Friday

The military was hidden from the public for several years because of no progress in the Afghan war. Defense Minister Mark Esper and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Millray alleged that the Department of Defense and other government agencies had misreported progress, but insiders argued that they were skeptical of the war. As Esper told reporters, “This is very transparent; this war was not hiding somewhere.

Any kind of suggestion that there was this massive conspiracy among all those who have been seeing this conflict for many years is ridiculous to me," he said. I know there have been claims of some sort of tuned lie for 18 years. [...] I found the wrong trait," Milley added. I know that I and a lot of other people have evaluated based on what we knew at the time.

They were honest assessments and they did not try to deceive Congress or the American people. Last week, the Washington Post began publishing the "Afghanistan Newspaper," a collection of internal government documents that documented the failure to strengthen the Afghan government without defeating the Taliban group.

The Post said the document "contradicts the long public agreement of diplomats who have ensured progress in Afghanistan every year from US presidents, military commanders and diplomats, and that war is worth fighting for.

Very good journalism

Milley called post reporting "very good research journalism. However, he argued that, unlike the Pentagon paper, which showed much more operational behavior by the government in the Vietnam War when it was leaked in 1971, it was a "looking back" interview and evaluation made to review the US experience and not hide it.

Milley said the US military succeeded in eradicating Afghanistan-based Al-Qaeda, which was behind the attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, and punishing their protector, the Taliban. Our original goal of entering Afghanistan on October 7, 2001 was to prevent Afghanistan from becoming a platform to launch terrorist attacks on the American continent again."

And that's what we've done successfully. Milley said, “Over the years, it has been clear that there will be no reasonable and reasonable chance to win militaryly against the Taliban or the rebellion. President Bush said it started early before Christmas began in 2001.

US mission not yet completed

The U.S. military still called the "strategic deadlock" that could only resolve the situation with a negotiated peace settlement between the Taliban and Kabul governments, while still maintaining a strong 13,000 U.S. troops and the Taliban. He stressed that the United States is in "national security interests."

The soldiers, sailors, aircraft and marines who died in Afghanistan did not live in vain. Esper said the Department has an important reason to attend. We have Afghanistan's mission of not being a safe haven for terrorists again," he said. So we will continue doing that until we are sure that the mission is complete.

International Criminal Court on Friday

A spokesman for the International Criminal Court said Friday it opened a full investigation into war crimes in Palestinian territory and called for an outrageous reaction from Israel. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the decision has resulted in the Hague-based courts refusing to sign a "political tool" for the Jewish state since its creation in 2002.

The Palestinians welcomed the ICC's “long delinquency measure” following the prosecution's nearly five-year preliminary investigation after the war in Gaza in 2014. Fatou Bensouda, ICC prosecutor, said in a statement that "I am confident that there is a reasonable basis for conducting an investigation into the Palestinian situation.

In short, I am convinced that war crimes are or are being committed in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip," he added without specifying the perpetrators of the offense. Before opening the full probe, she said ICC will ask the ICC to dominate the jurisdiction due to “unique and highly competitive legal and factual issues relating to this situation.

The 'territory', where the courts can exercise jurisdiction and where I can be investigated, constitutes the West Bank, which includes East Jerusalem and Gaza. She urged the judges to determine the jurisdiction of the court without delay.

However, the prosecution added that because of the recommendation of the Palestinians who joined the court in 2015, he did not demand the authority to open an investigation from the judge.

The issue is very sensitive last year

As White Bolt State Security Advisor John Bolton threatened to arrest ICC judges last year against Israel or the United States. Israel and the United States refused to join a court that was established in 2002 as the only international court to try the world's worst crimes, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Ben Soda began a preliminary investigation in January 2015 on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Israeli and Palestinian territories with the Gaza War in January 2014.

Conducting a full ICC investigation can lead to charges against an individual. ICC cannot claim a state. The Palestinian statement said, "Palestine has gone through a long and difficult preliminary investigation of five years, and the deadline to proceed with the process for investigation. But Netanyahu called himself "the dark day for truth and justice.

The decision of the ICC prosecution has transformed the International Criminal Court into a political tool to withdraw from Israel," he said. The ICC's preliminary investigation revealed that 2,251 Palestinians and most civilians were killed in the 2014 war, 74 were killed on the Israeli side, and most were soldiers.

We also witnessed violence near the Israel-Gaza border in 2018. Earlier this month, ICC prosecutors refused to prosecute a fatal 2010 Israeli air strike against platoons calling for help from the deadly Gaza in 2010 and urged them to stop the investigation.

In May 2010, nine Turkish citizens who struck Mavi Marmara died among eight vessels that the Israeli Marine Corps tried to break through the sea blockade of Gabbi. In 2014, one more person died in the hospital.

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